Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of misaligned teeth and jaws. Orthodontic treatment aims to improve the alignment of teeth, enhance bite functionality, and create a more appealing smile. Common orthodontic techniques include braces, which use wires and brackets to gradually shift teeth into their desired positions, and clear aligners, which are transparent, removable trays that achieve similar results. Orthodontic care can address issues like crooked teeth, overcrowding, overbites, underbites, and other dental irregularities, ultimately contributing to better oral health and an improved aesthetic appearance. Orthodontic treatment is typically carried out by orthodontists, who are specialized dental professionals with additional training in this field.